Data and facts: Energy transition

Well prepared for energy transition

Finland’s energy mix is well diversified with renewables accounting for 42%, nuclear energy for 20% and fossil fuels and peat for 34% of the total energy consumption. In Finland, the share of renewable sources of energy is the second highest in the EU.

Renewable forms of energy production surpassed the use of fossil fuels in the 2020s. Finland is about to become self-sufficient in electricity, of which more than 90% is already fossil-free. The wind power capacity will double in the near future, and a new nuclear reactor, Olkiluoto 3, became fully operational in 2023.

Greenhouse gas emissions are steadily decreasing

In 2022, Finland’s greenhouse gas emissions decreased by 3% compared to the previous year. According to current estimates, Finland’s emissions reduction trend is in line with the target for 2030. Emissions have decreased by 35% compared to 1990, and by 46% compared to 2003, when emissions were at their highest during the 1990–2022 period. Over the past five years, Finland’s total emissions have decreased by an average of 4% annually.

The energy sector was the largest source of greenhouse gas emissions in Finland, accounting for 72 per cent of total emissions in 2022. The sector’s emissions decreased by 1.9 million tonnes of CO₂ equivalent from the previous year. The decrease was particularly due to the fallen consumption of natural gas, which was caused by the high price of natural gas and the ending of imports from Russia.

Instant preliminary data of 2022 will be revised in future. Statistics Finland will release the official data on the greenhouse gases in March 2024. [Please keep reading; article continues after data.]

For more facts on Finland and energy, have a look at this short video (from 2022).


Further reading:

Finland is well positioned for green investments, an article by Chief Policy Adviser Janne Peljo in our Debt Management Annual Review 2023
Finland is firmly on the path towards green transition by Director General Riku Huttunen in our Debt Management Annual Review 2022
The Finnish Ruxit by Professor Veli-Pekka Tynkkynen in our Debt Management Annual Review 2022


Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Greenhouse gases [e-publication].

ISSN=1797-6065. Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 11.11.2021].
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Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Production of electricity and heat [e-publication].
ISSN=1798-5099. 2020. Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 11.11.2021].
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