Investor relations

Investors are mainly domestic and foreign institutional investors, typically pensions funds, central banks, asset management companies and banks. The State Treasury aims to diversify the government funding by instruments, investor type and geographic areas.

Presentation on central government borrowing for investors: Update on Finnish central government borrowing

  • Finnish economy

    The Ministry of Finance publishes an economic survey four times a year. The survey focuses on the economic outlook and public finances in Finland.

    Economic surveys

  • Sustainable development in Finland

    The Environmental, Social and Governance (ESG) criteria are a tool for evaluating a company’s or an issuer’s operations’ sustainability. The factors are divided into three groups, each letter representing a different area of sustainable responsibility. The Environmental (E) criteria concentrate on, for example, emissions, energy industry, natural resource management and climate change. The Social (S) criteria include topics such as human rights, political freedom, health care, education, public safety and security. The Governmental (G) criteria cover corruption, international relations, trade, quality of data and transparency, among others.

    Many of these criteria are often attributed to Finland in international discussions about sustainability. The history of sustainable and social responsibility has long traditions in Finland. Free education and the public health care system have been corner stones of welfare in the Finnish society for a long time.

    There is significant public transparency – an ESG measure in itself – on government activity, and ample data published by both local authorities and international organisations. The State Treasury wishes to provide guidance and support investors’ data discovery, facilitating their independent ESG evaluation and investment decisions. In this section, we have gathered links to Finnish and international information sources on ESG and sustainable development. We hope that the data in these links can help investors in their ESG integration efforts and decision making.

    Finland is committed to sustainable development

    The aim of Finland’s Government is to transform Finland into a socially, economically and ecologically sustainable society by 2030. The Government will work to ensure that Finland is carbon neutral by 2035 and carbon negative soon after that.

    Government programme, 6 June 2019 (pdf)

    Government Report on the implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development (published in 2017) presents the Government’s plans regarding the implementation of the UN 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development in Finland. The key aim is a carbon-neutral, resource-wise and competent Finland where non-discrimination and equality is secured by 2030.

    The website provides information on sustainable development, work done by the National Commission on Sustainable Development, Agenda 2030 and Society’s Commitment to Sustainability. The Prime Minister’s Office is responsible for the website.

    Sustainable Development Goals

    In Finland, Statistics Finland is responsible for the national collection, updating and publication of UN indicator data. Statistics Finland also reports follow-up indicator data concerning Finland.

    Statistics Finland: UN indicators for sustainable development

    See also information on key social indicators on

    Finland ranks third on the SDG Index, which summarizes countries’ performance on the 17 sustainable development goal indicators.

    Towards a more sustainable budget

    Finland is one of the first countries in the world that is seeking to identify the connections between government budgeting and sustainable development. Under each main title of expenditure in the 2019 budget proposal, the connections that the appropriations have with sustainable development have been identified. The identified appropriations will promote, among other things, biodiversity and the well-being of the environment and nature, reduce emissions, advance bioeconomic solutions and develop Finland towards a low-carbon society.

    Sustainable development in the Government’s budget

    Budget review, Sustainable development

    ESG factors and credit rating decisions

    Fitch Ratings has started to publish ESG relevance scores for sovereigns. The relevance scores show how ESG factors affect individual credit ratings decisions. Fitch’s assessment on Finland can be found on the Credit Ratings page.

    Finland in international country comparisons

    Visit the Statistics Finland website to see a list of studies that have placed Finland among the best countries in the world in various comparisons.


    The State Treasury is a part of the WWF Green Office network.

, Updated 16.10.2019 at 12:42