The Finnish government’s borrowing strategy is based on benchmark bonds denominated in euros. The government issues 2–3 new serial bonds every year, which, at the time of issuance, immediately achieve the size, liquidity on the secondary markets and sufficiently wide investor base required of the benchmark bond. Once the serial bonds have achieved benchmark bond status, the government’s primary dealer banks quote bid and ask prices for them.

For the initial issuance of benchmark bonds, the government uses so-called syndicated bond issues. This ensures that a new loan has a broad investor base and fosters price stability in the secondary market. The stock of outstanding benchmark bonds can be increased at a later date, through auctions arranged by the State Treasury.

In addition to benchmark bonds, the government can also issue long-term debt instruments in currencies other than the euro. Under the framework of the Euro Medium Term Note programme, bonds can be issued in different currencies. The EMTN programme serves as an alternative form of funding, complementing the benchmark bond strategy.

Treasury bills provide the government with a flexible, short-term financing channel. One year is the maximum maturity period for Treasury bills. The State Treasury issues Treasury bills in auctions and, depending on investor demand and liquidity requirements, also on other occasions.

In cash management, the key task is maintaining and securing the government’s liquidity management. Depending on the situation at the time, the State Treasury can invest its cash funds or take out short-term loans from the financial markets.

  • Regulatory setting and division of functions

    Under the Constitution of Finland, the Government may borrow funds based on the consent of the Parliament. The consent must indicate the maximum level of the new borrowing or debt. The Parliament has authorised the Government to raise funds, provided that the nominal value of central government debt does not exceed EUR 170 billion and that at the time of borrowing the value of short-term debt may constitute at most EUR 29 billion of the total debt.

    The Parliament has further authorised the Government to borrow short-term loans at its discretion to safeguard State liquidity and to enter into derivative contracts required in connection with managing the risks of the central government debt.

    The Ministry of Finance as a part of the Government has authorised the State Treasury to implement the central government borrowing in accordance with the parliamentary consent and to enter into derivative contracts required in connection with managing the risks of the central government debt in accordance with the further guidelines of the Ministry of Finance.

    The Ministry of Finance provides the State Treasury with guidelines on debt management and oversees their implementation. The guidelines set out general principles and objectives of debt management, debt instruments, risk limits and other restrictions. The State Treasury reports regularly on debt management to the Ministry of Finance.

, Updated 12.9.2023 at 09:24